SIGMOD E.F. Codd Innovation Award
The awards committee selected Anastasia Ailamaki as the recipient of the 2019 ACM SIGMOD Edgar F. Codd Innovations Award for her pioneering work on the architecture of database systems, its interaction with computer architecture, and scientific data management.
Anastasia Ailamaki is a Professor of Computer and Communication Sciences at EPFL and the co-founder of RAW Labs SA, a Swiss company that develops a software engine for real-time analysis of heterogeneous big data. Previously, she was on the faculty of the Computer Science Department at CMU, where she held the Finmeccanica endowed chair. She has received the 2019 EDBT Test of Time award, the 2018 Nemitsas Prize in Computer Science, an ERC Consolidator Award (2013), the European Young Investigator Award from the European Science Foundation (2007), an Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship (2005), and ten best-paper awards in database, storage, and computer architecture conferences. She is an ACM fellow, an IEEE fellow, and an elected member of the Swiss, the Belgian, and the Cypriot National Research Councils.
SIGMOD Contribution Award
The committee reached an unanimous decision to grant the SIGMOD Contribution Award award to Ahmed Elmagarmid, especially for his dedicated service to the database community in North America and the Middle East, as the founder/editor of Distributed and Parallel Database Journal, and PC for ACM SIGMOD.
Ahmed Elmagarmid is the founding executive director of the Qatar Computing Research Institute and is an Emeritus Professor of Computer Science at Purdue University. He served as Chief Scientist at Hewlett Packard and Chief of Data Quality at Bellcore. Dr. Elmagarmid is a recipient of the NSF Presidential Young Investigator (PYI) award from President Reagan in 1988. He is an IEEE Fellow, an ACM Fellow and an AAAS Fellow. The University of Dayton and Ohio State University have both named him among their distinguished alumni. His claim to fame is that he shared an office as graduate student with Prof. M.T.Ozsu.
SIGMOD Test of Time Award
Privacy integrated queries: an extensible platform for privacy-preserving data analysis
Frank McSherry, ACM SIGMOD 2009
The awards committee considers this paper a major scholastic contribution in the way we should handle one of the core challenges in data management. The paper has become a landmark reference for research on a privacy preservation in these modern times geared at automated data analysis with privacy implications.
Frank McSherry is the Chief Scientist at Materialize, Inc., where he works on interactive and incremental data processing. Frank was previously at the Systems Group at ETH Zürich where he worked with students on timely and differential dataflow, and even further back at MSR Silicon Valley where he worked on the Naiad project and on Differential Privacy. Frank is perhaps best known for applying his undergraduate education to big data problems.
Jim Gray Dissertation AwardWinner: Joy Arulraj
Joy Arulraj is an assistant Professor of Computer Science at Georgia Institute of Technology. He received his Ph.D. from Carnegie Mellon University in 2018, advised by Andy Pavlo. His doctoral research focused on the design and implementation of non-volatile memory database management systems. This work was conducted in collaboration with the Intel Science and Technology Center for Big Data, Microsoft Research, and Samsung Research.Honorable mention: Bas Ketsman
Bas Ketsman is a postdoctoral researcher at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL). In 2017 he obtained his PhD from Hasselt University in Belgium, advised by Frank Neven, where he was a PhD fellow of the Research Foundations - Flanders (FWO) and a member of the Databases and Theoretical Computer Science group. His research focuses on foundational aspects of large-scale data management and distributed computing. Bas' papers were selected for the ACM SIGMOD Research Highlight Award, listed in ACM best of Computing, and appeared as research Highlight in CACM. He also received the Distinguished Dissertation Award 2018 from the European Association for Theoretical Computer Science (EATCS) and best paper awards at ACM PODS 2014 and 2015.
SIGMOD Best Paper Award
Interventional Fairness : Causal Database Repair for Algorithmic Fairness
Babak Salimi, Luke Rodriguez, Bill Howe, Dan Suciu
Fairness is increasingly recognized as a critical component of machine learning systems. However, it is the underlying data on which these systems are trained that often reflect discrimination, suggesting a database repair problem. Existing treatments of fairness rely on statistical correlations that can be fooled by statistical anomalies, such as Simpson's paradox. Proposals for causality-based definitions of fairness can correctly model some of these situations, but they require specification of the underlying causal models. In this paper, we formalize the situation as a database repair problem, proving sufficient conditions for fair classifiers in terms of admissible variables as opposed to a complete causal model. We show that these conditions correctly capture subtle fairness violations. We then use these conditions as the basis for database repair algorithms that provide provable fairness guarantees about classifiers trained on their training labels. We evaluate our algorithms on real data, demonstrating improvement over the state of the art on multiple fairness metrics proposed in the literature while retaining high utility.
Babak Salimi is a postdoctoral research associate at University of Washington, where he works with Professor Dan Suciu. He received his Ph.D. from Carleton University, where he worked with Professor Leopoldo Bertossi. His research interests cover data management, decision making systems, causal inference and algorithmic fairness.
Luke Rodriguez is a PhD Student advised by Bill Howe in the Information School at the University of Washington whose research focuses on using tools from differential privacy and causal reasoning to support scientific collaboration and responsible data management. In particular, Luke seeks to investigate how we can go beyond accessibility and availability and make data more useful.
Bill Howe is Associate Professor in the Information School and Adjunct Associate Professor in the Allen School of Computer Science & Engineering and the Department of Electrical Engineering. His research interests are in data management, curation, analytics, and visualization in the sciences. As Founding Associate Director of the UW eScience Institute, Howe played a leadership role in the Data Science Environment program at UW through a $32.8 million grant awarded jointly to UW, NYU, and UC Berkeley, and founded UW's Data Science for Social Good Program. With support from the MacArthur Foundation and Microsoft, Howe directs UW's participation in the Cascadia Urban Analytics Cooperative, where he focuses on responsible data science. He founded the UW Data Science Masters Degree, serving as its inaugural Program Chair, and created a first MOOC on data science that attracted over 200,000 students. His research has been featured in the Economist and Nature News, and he co-authored what have remained the most-cited papers from VLDB 2010 and SIGMOD 2012. He has received two Jim Gray Seed Grant awards from Microsoft Research and two ``Best of Conference'' invited papers from VLDB Journal. He has a Ph.D. in Computer Science from Portland State Univ. and a BSc degree in Industrial & Systems Engineering from Georgia Tech.
Dan Suciu is a Professor in Computer Science at the Univ. of Washington. He received his Ph.D. from the Univ. of Pennsylvania in 1995, was a principal member of the technical staff at AT&T Labs and joined the Univ. of Washington in 2000. Suciu is conducting research in data management, with an emphasis on topics related to Big Data and data sharing, such as probabilistic data, data pricing, parallel data processing, data security. He is a co-author of two books Data on the Web: from Relations to Semistructured Data and XML, 1999, and Probabilistic Databases, 2011. He is a Fellow of the ACM, holds twelve US patents, received the best paper award in SIGMOD 2000 and ICDT 2013, the ACM PODS Alberto Mendelzon Test of Time Award in 2010 and in 2012, the 10 Year Most Influential Paper Award in ICDE 2013, the VLDB Ten Year Best Paper Award in 2014, and is a recipient of the NSF Career Award and of an Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship. Suciu serves on the VLDB Board of Trustees, and is an assoc. editor for the Journal of the ACM, VLDB Journal, ACM TWEB, and Information Systems and is a past associate editor for ACM TODS and ACM TOIS. Suciu's PhD students Gerome Miklau, Christopher Re and Paris Koutris received the ACM SIGMOD Best Dissertation Award in 2006, 2010, and 2016 respectively, and Nilesh Dalvi was a runner up in 2008.
SIGMOD Systems Award
The SIGMOD Systems Award is awarded to an individual or set of individuals to recognize the development of a software or hardware system whose technical contributions have had significant impact on the theory or practice of large-scale data management systems. The SIGMOD Systems Award Committee determines the recipient(s) of the award. This year's award was given to the developers of the Aurora database system from Amazon AWS.
The developers of the Aurora database system are the recipients of the 2019 SIGMOD Systems Award for fundamentally redesigning relational database storage for cloud environments.
- Xiaofeng Bao
- Charlie Bell
- Murali Brahmadesam
- James Corey
- Neal Fachan
- Raju Gulabani
- Anurag Gupta
- Kamal Gupta
- James Hamilton
- Andy Jassy
- Tengiz Kharatishvili
- Sailesh Krishnamurthy
- Yan Leshinsky
- Lon Lundgren
- Pradeep Madhavarapu
- Sandor Maurice
- Grant McAlister
- Sam McKelvie
- Raman Mittal
- Debanjan Saha
- Swami Sivasubramanian
- Stefano Stefani
- Alex Verbitski
PODS Albert O. Mendelzon Test of Time Award
The ACM PODS Alberto O. Mendelzon Test-of-Time Award is awarded every year to a paper or a small number of papers published in the PODS proceedings ten years prior that had the most impact in terms of research, methodology, or transfer to practice over the intervening decade. After careful consideration and having solicited external nominations and advice, we have selected the following paper as the award winner for 2019:
A General Datalog-Based Framework for Tractable Query Answering over Ontologies
Andrea Cali, Georg Gottlob, Thomas Lukasiewicz, PODS 2009.
Ontologies and rules play a central role in the development of the Semantic Web. Recent research in this context focuses especially on highly scalable formalisms for the Web of Data, which may highly benefit from exploiting database technologies. In this paper, as a first step towards closing the gap between the Semantic Web and databases, we introduce a family of expressive extensions of Datalog, called Datalogpm, as a new paradigm for query answering over ontologies. The Datalogpm family admits existentially quantified variables in rule heads, and has suitable restrictions to ensure highly efficient ontology querying. We show in particular that Datalogpm encompasses and generalizes the tractable description logic ɛL and the DL-Lite family of tractable description logics, which are the most common tractable ontology languages in the context of the Semantic Web and databases. We also show how stratified negation can be added to Datalogpm while keeping ontology querying tractable. Furthermore, the Datalogpm family is of interest in its own right, and can, moreover, be used in various contexts such as data integration and data exchange. It paves the way for applying results from databases to the context of the Semantic Web.
Citation from the Committee:
This paper introduces and studies the Datalog+/- framework for query answering over ontologies, which subsequently became highly influential in both the database and knowledge representation communities. Its main contribution is an in-depth study of the data complexity of Datalog+/-, and several extensions and restrictions tailored to ontologies. The paper identifies a tractable family of Datalog+/- formalisms, based on linear tuple-generating dependencies, that generalizes description logics of the DL-Lite family. Extensions with keys and stratified negation are also studied. Other technical results of the paper concerning the chase have been fundamental to further developments in the field. The paper received over 450 citations, evidencing its significant impact.
Andrea Cali is a Senior Lecturer at the Department of Computer Science and Information System, Birkbeck University of London. He also holds positions as Research Scientist at RelationalAI Inc., as well as Associate Member at the Oxford-Man Institute of Quantitative Finance, University of Oxford. His research interests include database theory, Deep Web, Semantic Web, Machine Learning and Information Integration. He is currently undergoing new research directions in the area of cryptocurrencies.
Georg Gottlob is Professor of Informatics at Oxford and at TU Wien. His interests include database theory, AI, knowledge representation, logic and complexity, problem decompositions, and, on the more applied side, web data extraction, and practical database query processing. Gottlob has received the Wittgenstein Award (Austria) and the Ada Lovelace Medal (UK)., He is an ACM Fellow, an ECCAI Fellow, a Fellow of the Royal Society, and a member of the Austrian and the German academies of of Sciences, and the Academia Europaea. He chaired the Program Committees of IJCAI 2003 and ACM PODS 2000. He was the main founder of Lixto, a web data extraction software company, which was acquired by McKinsey in 2013. Gottlob was awarded an ERC Advanced Investigator's Grant for the project "DIADEM: Domain-centric Intelligent Automated Data Extraction Methodology". Based on results of this project, he co-founded Wrapidity Ltd, a company that specialises in fully automated web data extraction that was recently acquired by the Meltwater Media Intelligence corporation.
Thomas Lukasiewicz is currently a Professor of Computer Science with the Department of Computer Science, University of Oxford, UK, and a Turing Fellow with the Alan Turing Institute, London, UK. Prior to this, he was holding a prestigious Heisenberg Fellowship by the German Research Foundation (DFG), affiliated with the University of Oxford, TU Vienna, Austria, and Sapienza University of Rome, Italy. His research interests are in artificial intelligence (AI) and information systems, including especially knowledge representation, uncertainty in AI, machine learning, the (Social and/or Semantic) Web, and databases. He received the IJCAI-01 Distinguished Paper Award, the AIJ Prominent Paper Award 2013, and the RuleML 2015 Best Paper Award. He is area editor for the journal ACM TOCL, associate editor for the journals JAIR and AIJ, and editor for the journals Semantic Web and Heliyon.
PODS Best Paper Award
Efficient Logspace Classes for Enumeration, Counting, and Uniform Generation
Marcelo Arenas,Luis Alberto Croqueviell, Rajesh Jayaram, Cristian Riveros
In this work, we study two simple yet general complexity classes, based on logspace Turing machines, which provide a unifying framework for efficient query evaluation in areas like information extraction and graph databases, among others. We investigate the complexity of three fundamental algorithmic problems for these classes: enumeration, counting and uniform generation of solutions, and show that they have several desirable properties in this respect. Both complexity classes are defined in terms of nondeterministic logspace transducers (NL transducers). For the first class, we consider the case of unambiguous NL transducers, and we prove constant delay enumeration, and both counting and uniform generation of solutions in polynomial time. For the second class, we consider unrestricted NL transducers, and we obtain polynomial delay enumeration, approximate counting in polynomial time, and polynomial-time randomized algorithms for uniform generation. More specifically, we show that each problem in this second class admits a fully polynomial-time randomized approximation scheme (FPRAS) and a polynomial-time Las Vegas algorithm for uniform generation. Interestingly, the key idea to prove these results is to show that the fundamental problem #NFA admits an FPRAS, where #NFA is the problem of counting the number of strings of length n accepted by a nondeterministic finite automaton (NFA). While this problem is known to be #P-complete and, more precisely, SpanL-complete, it was open whether this problem admits an FPRAS. In this work, we solve this open problem, and obtain as a welcome corollary that every function in SpanL admits an FPRAS.
Marcelo Arenas is a Professor at the Department of Computer Science at the Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, and the director of the Millennium Institute for Foundational Research on Data. He received a Ph.D. from the University of Toronto in 2005. His research interests are in the areas of data management, applications of logic in computer science and Semantic Web. Marcelo Arenas has received an IBM Ph.D. Fellowship (2004), a SIGMOD Jim Gray Doctoral Dissertation Award Honorable Mention in 2006 for his Ph.D. dissertation "Design Principles for XML Data", the 2016 Semantic Web Science Association (SWSA) Ten-Year Award for the article "Semantics and Complexity of SPARQL" and eight best paper awards (PODS 2003, PODS 2005, ISWC 2006, ICDT 2010, ESWC 2011, PODS 2011, WWW 2012 and ISWC 2014). He has served on multiple program committees and editorial boards, and he has chaired the program committees of ICDT 2015, ISWC 2015 and PODS 2018.
Luis Alberto Croquevielle is a student at Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, where he has just finished his Master of Science, advised by Marcelo Arenas. His master's research focused on the study of enumeration problems, and its relation to other questions such as counting and uniform generation. His work was supported by the Instituto Milenio de Investigación sobre los Fundamentos de los Datos (IMFD), and conducted in collaboration with other researchers of IMFD.
Rajesh Jayaram is a PhD student in theoretical computer science at Carnegie Mellon University, advised by David Woodruff. Prior to beginning his PhD in 2017, Rajesh received his B.S. in Mathematics and Computer Science from Brown University. His research focuses primarily on streaming and sketching algorithms for problems in big-data, as well as lower bounds for these problems. In particular, his work frequently involves applying techniques from dimensionality reduction and the randomized analysis of algorithms to obtain efficient algorithms for big data-sets.
Cristian Riveros is an assistant professor at the Department of Computer Science at PUC Chile and a young researcher at the Millenium Institute on Foundational Research on Data (IMFD). He received his D.Phil degree from the University of Oxford in 2013. Previously, he did his undergraduate studies at PUC Chile. His research interests are in database theory and data management systems, specifically, in data stream management systems, information extraction, and graph data.
PODS Best Student Paper Award
On the Enumeration Complexity of Unions of Conjunctive Queries
Nofar Carmeli, Markus Kröll
We study the enumeration complexity of Unions of Conjunctive Queries (UCQs). We aim to identify the UCQs that are tractable in the sense that the answer tuples can be enumerated with a linear preprocessing phase and a constant delay between every successive tuples. It has been established that, in the absence of self joins and under conventional complexity assumptions, the CQs that admit such an evaluation are precisely the free-connex ones. A union of tractable CQs is always tractable. We generalize the notion of free-connexity from CQs to UCQs, thus showing that some unions containing intractable CQs are, in fact, tractable. Interestingly, some unions consisting of only intractable CQs are tractable too. The question of a finding a full characterization of the tractability of UCQs remains open. Nevertheless, we prove that for several classes of queries, free-connexity fully captures the tractable UCQs.
Nofar Carmeli is a PhD student in the Data and Knowledge group at Technion, Israel Institute of Technology, advised by Prof. Benny Kimelfeld. Her research focuses on query optimization with guarantees using enumeration techniques. Nofar completed her BSc in 2015 in the Lapidim excellence program of the Computer Science department of Technion.
Markus Kröll is a pre-doctoral researcher at the TU Wien. In his research he focuses on database theory and lower bounds in enumeration complexity.
Gems of PODS
The Gems of PODS event features topics and results in PODS that have been highly influential in the PODS community and beyond. This year's Gems of PODS is awarding the following two papers:
Latent Semantic Indexing: A Probabilistic Analysis
Christos H. Papadimitriou, Prabhakar Raghavan, Hisao Tamaki, Santosh Vempala. PODS 1998
Consistent Query Answers in Inconsistent Databases
Marcelo Arenas, Leopoldo E. Bertossi, Jan Chomicki. PODS 1999
The PODS of Gems event will host two invited talks, namely by Christos Papadimitriou and Leopoldo Bertossi.
Remembering the Probabilistic Analysis of Latent Semantic Indexing
In the late 1990s, the possibility of algorithmic extraction of insight from soulless data loomed potentially important and very intriguing. I will look back at our attempt at understanding and advancing this research program in the light of two decades of blistering progress in spectral methods, machine learning, data harvesting and deep nets.
Database Repairs and Consistent Query Answering: Origins and Further Developments
In this talk I will review the main concepts around database repairs and consistent query answering, with emphasis on tracing back the origin, motivation, and early developments. I will also describe some research directions that has spun from those main concepts and the original line of research. I will emphasize, in particular, fruitful and recent connections between repairs and causality in databases.
Professor Christos H. Papadimitriou received his BS in Electrical Engineering from Athens Polytechnic in 1972. He has a MS in Electrical Engineering and a PhD in Electrical Engineering/Computer Science from Princeton, received in 1974 and 1976, respectively. He considers himself fundamentally a teacher, having taught at Harvard, MIT, Athens Polytechnic, Stanford, and UCSD, before joining UC Berkeley in 1996. Since 2017 he is the Donovan Family Professor of Computer Science at Columbia University in New York. He has authored several graduate textbooks, including ``Computational Complexity'', ``Elements of the Theory of Computation'', ``Combinatorial Optimization: Algorithms and Complexity'', and the undergraduate textbook ``Algorithms'', and many research papers on the theory of algorithms and complexity and its applications to Optimization, Database Theory, Control Theory, AI, Robotics, Combinatorics, the Internet, Economics and Games Theory, Evolution, Learning, and more recently the Brain. He has also written three novels: ``Turing'', the best-selling ``Logicomix'' and his latest ``Independence''. Professor Papadimitriou has been awarded the Knuth Prize, IEEE's John von Neumann Medal, the EATCS Award, the IEEE Computer Society Charles Babbage Award, and the Gödel Prize, as well as nine doctorates honoris causa. He is a fellow of the Association for Computer Machinery and the National Academy of Engineering, and a member of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Leopoldo Bertossi has been Full Professor at the School of Computer Science, Carleton University (Ottawa, Canada) from 2001 to 2019, from which he is retiring this year. In September 2019 he will take up a full-professorship at Universidad Adolfo Ibanez (UAI, Chile), the oldest and most prestigious fully-private university in Chile. He is a Senior Computer Scientist at RelationalAI Inc., since August 2018. He is also, since 2019, a senior member of the "Millenium Research Institute for Foundations of Data" (IMFD, Chile). Until 2001 he was professor at the Department of Computer Science, School of Engineering of the Catholic University of Chile (PUC), and departmental chair (1993-1995). He was the President of the Chilean Computer Science Society (SCCC) in 1996 and 1999-2000. He obtained a PhD in Mathematics from the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile (PUC) in 1988, with a PhD thesis on mathematical logic (model theory) under the supervision of Prof. Joerg Flum (University of Freiburg, Germany). He has been visiting professor and researcher at several universities, among them: University of Toronto (1989/90); Wisconsin-Milwaukee (1990/91); Marseille-Luminy (1997), Technical University Berlin (1997/98); Free University of Bolzano-Bozen, Italy (1995); University of Calabria (2014); Technical University of Vienna (2006 and 2017, as a Pauli Fellow of the "Wolfgang Pauli Institute (WPI) Vienna"). Prof. Bertossi's research interests include data science, database theory, data management, business intelligence, knowledge representation, uncertain reasoning, logic programming, computational logic, and statistical relational learning.